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FAQ: PocketScan Code Reader CP9125
How do I know if my vehicle is OBD I or OBD II on-board diagnostics equipped?
What are DLCs?
What is the difference between OBD I and OBD II cars?
What is OBD?
What are DTCs?
What are Generic OBD II codes?
What are Enhanced OBD II codes?
Common Generic OBD II (P0) Codes
Common GM OBD II (P1) Enhanced Codes
Common Chrysler OBD II (P1) Enhanced Codes
Will the Actron Code Scanners and/or Scan Tools retrieve Anti-Lock Brake or Airbag codes?
Which Actron Code Scanners and/or Scan Tools work on 1994 & 1995 GM vehicles?
Do I need adapters for different vehicles?
What are I/M Monitors?
What is MIL Status?
What is the Erase Codes function?
What are PIDs?
Common Ford OBD II (P1) Enhanced Codes
What are Pending Codes?
  Common Generic OBD II (P0) Codes
  The Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) listed below are some of the most commonly reported on OBD II vehicles, those 1996 and newer.
Please note that these DTC definitions are provided for reference only. We recommend that you consult a service manual for your vehicle before actually attempting repairs.
To order a book containing a complete list of Generic and Enhanced codes for GM, Ford and Chrysler or Asian OBD II vehicles, please visit

P0101 - MAF Sensor Performance
This code indicates that your Mass AirFlow sensor is not responding properly or is out of its signal range. Be careful about replacing sensors without testing them according to proper procedures. Many times sensor related codes are caused by poor continuity in the wiring or connections. Some of them can be contaminated by dirt and simply need to be cleaned.

P0143 O2 Sensor Circuit, Bank 1 Sensor 3
This refers to the electrical circuit that controls the oxygen sensor behind the catalytic converter. This could indicate a problem with the sensor or the wiring leading to it. Consult a service manual before replacing sensors

P0171, P0174, P0175 Rich or Lean Conditions
Although the O2 sensors are responsible for reporting the air/fuel mixture, they are seldom responsible for an overly rich or overly lean condition.

P0171 and P0174 indicate the engine is running on an air/fuel mixture that is excessively lean. This can be caused by several different problems including low fuel pressure, vacuum leaks, exhaust leaks, misfires, clogged fuel injectors, MAF sensor problems, and others.

P0174 indicates that the fuel control portion of the engine's computer is correcting for an excessively lean air/fuel mixture. Some common causes for this include incorrect fuel pressure, an EGR system malfunction, an MAF sensor malfunction, intake or vacuum leaks, incorrect cam timing, a bad PCV system, or exhaust leaks.

P0175 indicates Bank 2 of the engine is running too rich. This simply means that the bank of cylinders opposite the bank containing cylinder #1 is receiving too much fuel or not enough air.

P0300 Random Cylinder Misfires Detected
Faulty spark plugs, plug wires, distributor cap, rotor, ignition coil or fuel injection system problems can all cause this code.

P0301-P0308 Cylinder 1-8 Misfire Detected
Faulty spark plugs, plug wires, distributor cap, rotor, ignition coil or fuel injection system problems can all cause this code.

P0410 Secondary Air Injection System
"Secondary Air" is an abbreviated term for the "Secondary Air Injection System". This system uses a separate air pump and a series of metal and rubber tubes to force outside air into the exhaust stream and help the catalytic converter burn away excessive emissions.
Possible causes and fixes are:
  • Poor connection, rubbed-through wire insulation or a broken wire inside the insulation.
  • Inspect harness connectors for backed-out terminals, improper mating, broken locks, improperly formed or damaged terminals, poor terminal-to-wire connection, and damaged harness.
  • Check for worn or loose AIR pump drive belt.
  • Check for pinched, kinked or restricted AIR pipes, hoses or fittings.

    Problems with this system can stem from electrical circuits, solenoids, or switches that control the pump and valves. Other problems include sticking valves, loose, rusted, or poorly connected lines, a broken drive belt, or possibly a bad pump.

    P0102 Mass Air Flow (MAF) Performance Conditions
    Powertrain Control Module (PCM) detected that the MAF input was out of range.
  • Check for faulty connections or damaged harness.
  • Ensure harness is not routed too close to high-voltage wires, such as spark plug wires.
  • Check for a plugged intake air duct or filter element
  • Check minimum air rate.
  • Check for plugged intake air duct or filter element.

    P0420, P0430 Catalyst Efficiency
    Code P0420 indicates that the exhaust gas exiting the catalytic converter is too similar to the exhaust gas entering the converter. A faulty or overloaded converter due to an unbalanced air/fuel mixture can cause this condition.
  • Check the exhaust system for air leaks or holes rusted through. Any outside air that leaks into the exhaust can go through the cat as lean exhaust and hurt its efficiency.
  • Rap on the converter with a fist or a soft mallet and listen for anything loose or rattling inside. If the catalyst element is cracked or broken apart then the cat will need replaced.
  • You may want to test the O2 sensors for proper operation. Because these sensors tell the computer about the performance of the converter, malfunctioning O2 sensors can set this code. Verify that the sensors are faulty before replacing.
  • There may be another problem causing the engine to burn an excessively rich or lean air/fuel mixture. This could overload the cat and ruin its efficiency as well.
  • Common causes include incorrect fuel pressure, an EGR system malfunction, an MAF sensor malfunction, intake or vacuum leaks, incorrect cam timing, a bad PCV system, misfires, injector problems, cooling system problems, a restricted air filter, a head gasket leak, or a high oil level.

    P0440 EVAP System
    P0440 is defined as EVAP system incorrect purge flow. A problem anywhere in the EVAP system can cause an "incorrect purge flow". This simply means that the computer has detected that the fuel vapors are not flowing the way they should.

    The EVAP system uses the engine's vacuum to periodically draw fuel vapors out of the tank through a hose and stores these vapors in a charcoal filled canister. These vapors are eventually sent through another hose to be burned inside the engine. The engine computer controls this system by monitoring the pressure inside the fuel tank, and opening an electronic valve to allow the vapor to flow or "purge".

    A good service manual for your vehicle should give you a complete description of your particular EVAP system, as well as some ideas on how to test it. The problem could be as simple as a loose or damaged hose connection, or even a loose gas cap. Thorough visual inspections of the system reveal any obvious problems.
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